Agra  is not only the erstwhile capital of Hindustan  it is also the present  tourism capital of the country. The city situated  on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India, is located about 200 kilometers  south of  the national capital New Delhi.

It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and remains a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur  Sikri, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Agra Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world, the mausoleum of Shah Jahan's favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is one of the New Seven Wonders of the world, and one of three World Heritage Sites in Agra. This perfectly symmetrical monument, set amidst its landscaped gardens took 22 years (1630–1652) of labor and 20,000 workers, masons and jewelers to build.
The Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a sandstone one. The most elegant dome of the Tāj Mahal has a diameter of 60 feet (18 m), and rises to a height of 80 feet (24 m); directly under this dome is the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal.
AgraAgra Fort
Another of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, located about 2.5 kilometers North West of Taj Mahal in Agra. The fort which was originally a brick fort, held by Hindu Rajputs gained prominence when Sikander Lodi ( 1488-1517), Sultan of Delhi, shifted to Agra and started living in the fort. He governed the country from here and thus Agra assumed the importance of second capital.
The site is very important in terms of architectural history. Abul Fazal recorded that five hundred buildings in the beautiful designs of Bengal and Gujarat were built in the fort. Some of them were demolished by Shahjahan to make way for his white marble palaces. Most of the others were destroyed by the British between 1803 and 1862 for raising barracks. Hardly thirty Mughal buildings have survived on the south-eastern side, facing the river. Some of the most historically interesting mixing of Hindu and Islamic architecture is found here. In fact, some of the Islamic decorations feature haraam (forbidden) images of living creatures - dragons, elephants and birds, instead of the usual patterns and calligraphy seen in Islamic surface décor.
Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. The vast, beautifully carved, red-ochre sandstone tomb with deers, rabbits and langurs is set amidst a lush garden. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for it, which was a Turkic custom that the Mughals followed religiously.
The Empress Nur Jahan built this tomb for her father Mirza Ghiyas Beg, the Chief Minister of the Emperor Jahangir. It is also sometimes called the “Baby Taj”. Located on the left bank of the Yamuna River, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden criss-crossed by water courses and walkways.

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